Are There Montessori High Schools? (Plus 10 Pros and Cons)

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There are many things to put into perspective when looking for the right high school for your kids, from curriculum and teaching styles to location and tuition. 

As a parent, you want your child to thrive, but what kind of education is best?

Many people are familiar with Montessori schools, which offer an alternative approach to education that emphasizes holistic development, independence, and creativity to support children’s learning and growth.

While Montessori pedagogy is commonly associated with preschool and elementary schools, there are approximately 150 Montessori schools in the United States that extend up to grade 12, including high school.

So, are there Montessori high schools? Yes, There are Montessori high schools, and while their approach may differ slightly from one to the next, they all share the same educational philosophy as Maria Montessori’s original school. Although Montessori high schools are relatively rare, they provide a unique curriculum that differs from the more traditional high school model. 

In this article, we discuss Montessori middle and high school along with 5 pros and cons of the Montessori high school education.

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    What is Montessori Method?

    The Montessori Method is an educational approach developed by Dr. Maria Montessori, an Italian physician, and educator, in the early 1900s.

    It is based on the belief that children have an innate desire to learn and possess the ability to direct their own learning when provided with a carefully prepared environment and appropriate guidance.

    The Montessori approach emphasizes a holistic approach to education, focusing on the physical, social, emotional, and intellectual development of the child.

    It promotes the idea that education is a lifelong process and that children learn best through active exploration and hands-on experiences.

    In Montessori classrooms, students don’t go through traditional lectures and discussions as they do in traditional schools, instead, they get a student-centered approach tailored fit to prepare students for practical experience and experiential learning.

    What Are Montessori High Schools?

    Montessori high schools are like traditional high schools and middle schools but with a focus on academic achievement and community service.

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    The school community is small and intimate, so students get to know their teachers well. Montessori schools believe that every student has a unique personality that needs to be nurtured for them to succeed academically and socially. 

    Montessori classrooms have one teacher for every 10-15 students, which allows each child plenty of opportunities for individual attention from the teacher.

    In Montessori secondary schools, students often work in multi-age classrooms, allowing for collaborative learning and mentorship opportunities. The focus is not only on academic achievement but also on the developmental stages of each child with an emphasis on life skills, critical thinking abilities, and a sense of social responsibility.

    The school day is divided into blocks of time for different subjects or activities so that the children get the freedom to learn at their speed with minimal distractions from other class members (for example, there’s no need for bells signaling when it’s time to change classes).

    Montessori secondary schools aim to foster the social, emotional, and cognitive growth of students during their adolescent years.

    They emphasize individualized learning, hands-on experiences, and self-directed exploration. 

    Montessori Middle and High School Curriculum

    The Montessori secondary program curriculum is based on the principles of Maria Montessori, who believed that children could learn best when they are given choices about what to study and the amount of time allotted for each subject. Montessori schools focus on the individual child rather than the class or grade level.

    The Montessori secondary school program is unique in that it focuses on a wide range of subjects, including math, history, science, and language arts. 

    Montessori students belong to classes that are broken up into two segments: practical training and theoretical classes. Practical training allows students to apply their knowledge by working with materials such as tools or plants while studying science; theoretical courses teach students how things work together in society and why certain issues arise.

    5 Pros of Montessori Education for High School Students

    1. Fosters self-discipline

    The Montessori method is planned to help students develop independence and self-discipline. Students are encouraged to take responsibility for their own learning, from the time they enter the classroom at six years old until they graduate at 16 years old.

    2. Children are treated as individuals

     In a Montessori school, children are treated as individuals who can think for themselves and decide what they want to learn. 

    3. Prepared learning environment

    The classroom environment is designed around this philosophy with materials available so that kids can choose how they want to learn, and there are no right or wrong answers nor test scores to measure cognitive abilities. They are also given uninterrupted work periods that empower each adolescent to learn and grow at their own pace.

    4. Nurtures independent learning

    The goal of having a child take responsibility for their education is beneficial in high school and throughout life because it teaches students how important it is to think independently and come up with solutions on their own rather than relying on others all the time. 

    5. Develops communication skills

    In addition, being able to confidently express yourself through writing skills, whether through speech or text, is an invaluable skill set that will serve you well after graduation.

    5 Cons of Montessori Education for Adolescents

    1. Unstructured curriculum

    Montessori schools are typically very unstructured, which can be a good thing for young children who need a lot of freedom to explore and learn at their own pace. But for teens who are used to more structure, this lack of structure can be challenging.

    2. Too much independence

    Second, Montessori schools typically focus on independent learning and experiential activities, which can be great for developing creativity and problem-solving skills. However, some adolescents may need more traditional academic instruction in order to succeed in high school and college.

    3. Small class size

    Lastly, although the smaller class sizes can be great for providing individualized attention, this can also lead to less social interaction for teens, who may need more opportunities to collaborate with their peers.

    4. High tuition cost

    Montessori schools are typically more expensive than traditional public schools which can be a barrier for some families as well.

    Although this is the case, financial aids, and scholarship grants are in place for low-income families.

    5. Limited availability and accessibility

    Montessori schools, especially public Montessori schools, may be less common and more limited in availability compared to traditional schools. This can make it challenging for some families to access a Montessori education for their children, particularly if they do not have options or resources to enroll in private Montessori schools.

    Things to Consider When Choosing the Montessori Education

    • Look for a school with a comprehensive curriculum.

    It should be designed to expose students to the world around them and encourage their natural curiosity. The Montessori approach is less about memorizing facts and figures and more about understanding the meaning behind what you’re learning.

    • Look for a school with good teacher-to-student ratios.

    Of course, this isn’t always possible, but if you can find one that has fairly small class sizes, that’s ideal. It’ll help your child get more individualized attention from their teachers and other adults at the school who are available to answer questions and guide them toward new areas of interest or exploration in the classroom setting.

    • Look for high standards across all aspects of education

    Academic mastery, social development, physical health, artistic expression, independence, self-regulation skills (self-discipline), and community responsibility (civic engagement) are only some of the aspects of the interdisciplinary philosophy of the Montessori.

    The Benefits of Montessori Philosophy in High School

    The Montessori method has a principle that children are not empty vessels to be filled with information as determined by teachers or parents. Instead, they’re thought to be individuals who can learn at their own pace. 

    It is said that the greatest gift you can give a child is your time when it comes to education, and this is what Montessori also emphasizes because it believes children need time to process things on their own but with the supervision of a parent. 

    Montessori schools have been shown to affect students’ creativity and problem-solving skills positively; these benefits have also been linked with lower rates of teen pregnancy and juvenile crime. In fact, one study found that former students were 5% more likely than those without Montessori experience (who attended traditional public schools) — which could be worth almost $100 billion over their lifetimes.


    Overall, Montessori education can be a great option for many adolescents.

    However, it is important to weigh the pros and cons carefully before making a decision. If you are considering a Montessori school for your teens, be sure to visit the school and talk to the teachers to get a sense of the school’s philosophy and curriculum.

    Schools implement the Montessori approach much like they do lab schools but on a secondary level.

    They provide an opportunity for students going to college or returning home to learn how to keep up in their learning environments. It is challenging for many secondary school students to keep up with all the work and learning at this level. In this environment, the teachers help form study groups and teach them how to manage their time more efficiently to pass these subjects.


    How many Montessori high schools are there in the US? There are about 150 Montessori high schools in the US. they go through to grade 12. It’s important to note that Montessori secondary schools are relatively less common compared to Montessori schools at the early childhood and elementary levels. This is partly due to the challenges of implementing the Montessori philosophy and methods in the higher grades, as well as the varying educational preferences and practices across different regions.

    Do Montessori schools do GCSE? Yes, Montessori schools do GCSE but the Montessori program doesn’t focus much on the qualification or passing the test. Montessori public and private high school places emphasis on the holistic development of the child, focusing on individualized learning, hands-on experiences, and the integration of various subjects. The curriculum is designed to foster the intellectual, social, emotional, and physical growth of the child. Traditional standardized assessments like GCSEs are not typically a part of the Montessori approach.

    How effective are Montessori high schools? Montessori secondary schools are known for their unique learning environment. Students learn by doing rather than through lectures or static notes in a Montessori school. Students are uplifted to explore their passions and interests in the classroom by taking part in hands-on assignments that build practical skills and knowledge. As a result of this teaching method, many Montessori graduates have found success after graduating from middle school—and continue to pursue careers based on their passions.