What Do Montessori Schools Teach (5 Key Areas Of Study)

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There is a growing curiosity about Montessori education and how it differentiates itself from traditional education. In this article, we will try to give light to that and more.

What Do Montessori Schools Teach

What do Montessori schools teach? Montessori schools teach the same academic subjects as traditional schools using a nontraditional approach and tools. The five key areas of study in Montessori are mathematics, language, practical skills, sensorial activities, and practical life. Let’s dig in.

5 Key Areas of Study in the Montessori Curriculum

The Montessori curriculum is designed to develop the child in all aspects of life including academics and practical life. It aims to help children become the best versions of themselves.

Cultural Studies

Cultural studies cover a wide range of subjects that includes music, arts, history, science, humanities, and many others.

Cultural studies expose the child to diversity and develop an awareness of themselves, others, and their environment. It provides them the opportunity to understand and explore the world within and beyond their homes and classrooms.

Children learn about people, animals, trees, terrain, places, behaviors, and many others.

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    Montessori supports children’s language development by providing the tools, knowledge, and skills to help them build their vocabulary and understand language and its complexities.

    Montessori uses hands-on experiences and effective Montessori language materials to make language learning easy and exciting.

    Oral skills are developed through organic social interactions and well-prepared activities. Reading, writing, and comprehension are learned through fun and engaging activities.


    Math, like language, is a standard subject in all schools. The difference is, that the Montessori method empowers children to learn math through independent learning and collaborative work.

    Montessori math is not intimidating. It is fun. Montessori students gain a deeper understanding of abstract mathematical concepts and relationships through experience.

    Learning math in Montessori is not limited to reading textbooks and math tests. Math is introduced using Montessori math materials like counters and hanging beads stairs.


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    The Montessori method stimulates all the senses so they develop a sharp mind, body, and senses. Sharpening all senses – sight, taste, smell, hearing, touch, balance, and body awareness, help children organize their sensory impressions and understanding of the world.

    Sensorial activities teach children about similarities and differences, dimensions, and colors, and distinguish smells, sounds, tastes, and textures.

    By sharpening the senses, children are prepared to do complex subjects like math, language, sciences, and many others.

    Practical Life

    Practical life skills teach children activities and exercises that they observe, do, and use daily.

    Practical life lessons help children develop independence, and concentration, and improve their gross and fine motor skills.

    Typical practical life activities are learning age-appropriate house chores, feeding, social behavior, cleaning, taking care of plants and animals, etc.

    Common Subjects in Montessori

    • Mathematics
    • Writing, Reading, Comprehension, and Oral Language
    • Foreign Language
    • Botany and Zoology
    • Geography
    • Technology
    • Economics
    • Sciences
    • History
    • Art and Music
    • Environmental Studies
    • Physical Education
    • Humanities and Civics

    Importance of Experiential Learning

    One of the most important elements of the Montessori method is experiential learning. It helps students reflect and understand cause and effect.

    Children learn from making mistakes and improve from them. It teaches students to examine their thought process, emotional responses, and their actions in general.

    Montessori allows children to experience their lessons and use them in a practical manner. This way, they gain a deeper understanding of the subjects and their own abilities.

    Benefits of Experiential Learning

    Experiential learning in Montessori benefits children greatly by increasing their creativity and accelerating increasing retention.

    Increases Creativity

    By doing their activities on their own or in groups, children learn to be resilient and use their prior knowledge, teamwork, personal skills, and critical thinking to solve problems or finish an activity.

    It opens their minds to new ideas, opinions, and perspectives. It broadens their horizon. We all know that an open mind is a fertile ground for creativity, especially for children.

    Accelerates and Increases Retention

    Children learning through hands-on experience are more engaged so they retain knowledge better and faster. They develop a deeper understanding of how things work and how they learn as a thinking individual.

    Develops a Lifelong Love for Learning

    Experiential learning means children can explore, discover, and experiment. They have fun doing activities while learning.

    Without the pressure of getting ahead or being left behind, getting high test scores and good grades, children develop a love for learning that stays with them for life.


    Does Montessori teach advanced mathematics and sciences? Yes, if the child needs advanced knowledge. Montessori monitors each child’s progress and adjusts their Montessori educational program according to their current needs, progress, and learning styles. If a child is done learning the basics, and there is a need to give them advanced subjects, the school, the teachers, and parents will work together to provide for the needs of the child.

    Does Montessori teach parents? Yes, Montessori schools provide regular updates on children’s activities, progress, and learning goals. They also encourage parents to continue Montessori learning at home. Montessori schools educate parents on what they can do and how they can help their children at home.

    Do Montessori schools teach children with learning disabilities? Yes, Montessori schools teach children with learning disabilities. The child-centered philosophy allows all children of different abilities and learning styles to learn, grow, and thrive in Montessori schools. Montessori teachers are trained to handle, guide, and teach children with learning disabilities.

    Do Montessori students play all day? No. Children do Montessori activities during school hours which include play and games. In Montessori, children are given the freedom to move freely and choose their activities. This does not mean that they are free to do whatever they want. The activities available are well-thought and selected to help them learn within the boundaries and rules of Montessori. Children in Montessori do not play all day but they learn all day long.


    Montessori schools teach the same academic subjects as traditional schools using a nontraditional approach and tools. The five key areas of study in Montessori are mathematics, language, practical skills, sensorial activities, and practical life.